Rio de Janeiro (AFP) – Brazil’s young democracy tumbled into the dark Monday after the election of its first right-wing president since the end of the dictatorship, Jair Bolsonaro, who began preparing for the transition to a breaking regime.
The Sao Paulo Stock Exchange welcomed, but without euphoria, the election of the freshly converted candidate to ultra-liberalism, which she had already anticipated by garnering 10% in one month.
It opened on a gain of more than 3% before being spread in the late morning, while the real was at the highest against the dollar since April. The markets will wait very quickly concrete announcements of the team headed by the “Chicago Boy” of Bolsonaro, Paulo Guedes, to turn around an 8th world economy faltering.
Jair Bolsonaro, who will take office on 1 January, triumphed with over 55% of the vote, ahead of the left-wing candidate Fernando Haddad (45%) after a very polarized campaign.
“This is a clear victory, but not a blank check,” noted Merval Pereira, editorialist of O Globo.
His first speeches – three in the evening of his election – pronounced on a martial tone and in which he did not have a word for his defeated opponent, augur a radical turn.
Bolsonaro wants a break from everything that has been done by his pet peeve, the Workers Party (PT), which had won the last four presidential elections and is judged by tens of millions of Brazilians responsible for the ills of the country.
Haddad, who had broken with all the uses by not calling his opponent on the night of his victory, ended up wishing him Monday “good luck” in a Tweet.
Bolsonaro will succeed, for four years, the conservative Michel Temer, who will leave him the reins of a country undermined by violence, unemployment and corruption.
Jair Bolsonaro is expected to travel to Brasilia this week to talk to Mr. Temer, if his doctors allow him.
Since the bombing that nearly cost him his life on September 6, Bolsonaro, who suffered perforations of the intestine, has an ostomy pouch. He limits the exits from his home and flees the crowd.
– “Change the economic model” –
The new government “will change the country’s economic model,” Paulo Guedes, Bolsonaro’s ultra-liberal “super-minister”, lashed out on Sunday evening, lashing out at the “social-democratic model” and referring to privatizations and pension reform. promises to be thorny and extremely unpopular.
Bolsonaro, who admits his incompetence in the matter, “will have to put the economy in motion as quickly as possible, because it will have a margin of only six months, or a year,” said Leandro Gabiati, director of the consulting firm Dominium , in Brasila.
Bolsonaro, who has only voted two laws in 27 years of deputation, arrives at the head of a country of 208 million people without any experience of power, as his future ministers.
Once installed in the palace of Planalto in Brasilia, the former captain will also have a lot to do to pick up the pieces of a country that has fractured deeply.
The list is long of the Brazilians who have enough to be worried about the future after the aggressive declarations of the candidate Bolsonaro who had said to want to govern “for the majority, not for the minority”.
The most optimistic think that this admirer of the military dictatorship (1964-85) will abandon his vitriolic rhetoric once in power. But others see him govern in a very ideological way and make a vertiginous turn in Brazil.
– “Consolidate democracy” –
Bolsonaro will be under the supervision of the international community. He has already received Monday from the European Union, which asked him to “consolidate democracy”, the signal that he would be under the radar. In Paris, President Emmanuel Macron also reminded him of the need for “respect” for “democratic principles”.
But in Rome, Matteo Salvini, boss of the Italian far right and strongman of the government, welcomed that “in Brazil also citizens have chased the left!”. Steeve Bannon, former White House advisor, welcomed the arrival of a “nationalist populist leader”.
US President Donald Trump had telephoned Bolsonaro, who admires him on Sunday evening to congratulate him, which made Monday Russian President Vladimir Putin in a statement. On Monday, Trump wished in a tweet “a rapprochement in the commercial and military fields” with Brasilia.
Will Bolsonaro have the means to implement its policy? “He will face the most fragmented Congress in history,” says Gaspard Estrada, a specialist in Latin America Sciences Po.
The future president “will be tempted to take tough measures without going through parliament”, where he will have a hard time forming a majority, says Estrada, who “fears slippage from the beginning of his term”.