The International Court of Justice (ICJ) announced Friday that it has received a complaint from the Palestinian authorities challenging the transfer to Jerusalem of the US embassy.
According to the Palestinians, this transfer contravenes the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 and must be annulled.
Palestinians urge “the Court to say that the transfer of the United States Embassy to Israel from the holy city of Jerusalem is a violation of the Vienna Convention”, according to the text published by the ICJ on its website .
They further request that the Court order “the United States of America to withdraw the diplomatic mission from the Holy City of Jerusalem and to comply with the international obligations arising from the Vienna Convention”.
Upholding the line observed for decades by his predecessors, Donald Trump announced on December 6, 2017 that the United States recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, a unilateral initiative that has received strong criticism from the international community.
Israel conquered East Jerusalem, the Arab part of the city, during the Six-Day War in 1967 and then annexed it, proclaiming the reunified city its capital. Palestinians want to make East Jerusalem the capital of their future state.
The international community does not recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the entire city, which is home to holy places for both Jewish, Christian and Muslim religions.