Famine, cholera, poverty … Prefnews tells you in figures why the war in Yemen has provoked “the worst humanitarian crisis in the world”.
For almost four years, the war in Yemen, which opposes Houthi rebels to loyalist forces backed by an international coalition led by Saudi Arabia, is wreaking havoc on the population. And the prospect of a rapid resolution of the conflict, which has long been ignored by the international community, seems illusory. To fully understand the scale of the humanitarian catastrophe in Yemen, Prefnews returns in seven figures on the consequences of this war.
This is the official record, advanced by the UN, of the number of civilians killed since 2015, about 29 million inhabitants of the country. But this figure is based only on deaths recorded in health facilities, and it has not really changed since early 2017, despite the continuing conflict.
According to humanitarian officials, the actual balance sheet would be much higher. A study * conducted by an independent research team averages 2,000 deaths per week, or between 70,000 and 80,000 deaths since the conflict began.
It is the share of the population in Yemen that needs help and humanitarian protection, 22 million people. What made the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, say that “Yemen is the worst humanitarian crisis in the world,” at a donor conference on April 3, 2018, in Geneva.
“The largest humanitarian operation is under way,” UN Deputy Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mark Lowcock told UN Security Council members in an internal memo consulted by AFP, adding that “more than 200 partners provide help and protection “through an international plan. He also emphasized the importance of donations and the development of imports to cope with the crisis.
This is the proportion of the population in food insecurity, according to the UN, 18 million people. Of these, 8.4 million Yemenis do not know how they will get their next meal, according to the UN.
The price of food has more than doubled since the beginning of the conflict. Because the value of the riyal, the local currency, has fallen sharply and because Yemen is 90% dependent on imports for its staple foods. On the other hand, since 2015, the Yemeni economy has collapsed. 80% of the population currently lives below the poverty line.
1.8 million children under 5 suffer from acute malnutrition in Yemen. This figure has increased by 90% in the last three years. And 400,000 of these children are fighting for their survival, according to UNICEF *, which fears that an additional 90,000 children will suffer from severe malnutrition in the coming months. In total, 50% of children in Yemen are affected by stunted growth due to malnutrition.
It is the portion of the population that does not have access to drinking water. This rate was 40% before the beginning of the conflict. UNICEF has denounced repeated attacks on water supply systems, which constitute a violation of international humanitarian law.
This lack of access to water has dramatic health consequences, as 16 million people do not have access to basic sanitation, according to the UN.
Less than half of health facilities still operate in Yemen. According to the Red Cross *, 160 buildings were attacked during the fighting, and 100 had to close due to lack of resources. In 18% of the Yemeni districts, there is no longer any doctor, deplores the WHO *. This health crisis is also a victim.
This is the number of cholera cases detected in Yemen since April 2017, according to the WHO. According to the UN, this is the worst cholera outbreak in the world, and the latest WHO figures indicate that its spread is accelerating, with 10,000 new cases registered each week. The epidemic has already killed more than 2,530 people.